Austen’s world was in a process of transformation, and two leaders of the changes were the church and science.
Would Austen have said science, natural philosophy, or natural history? What was the difference?
Anne Elliot's "duty" guided her through life's trials.
Doing what is right, for Jane Austen's heroines, requires a great deal of "exertion"!
A Country Parson's Everyday Life
What "good principles" was Darcy given, and how could he follow them in "pride and conceit"?
In Jane Austen, "serious" has a deeper meaning than we use for it today.
"Candour" meant something very different to Jane Austen than it does to us today. How does Jane Bennet teach us candor?
Did the waters of Bath really help the gout?
What is the gout, why did people go to Bath for it, and did the waters of Bath help?
Mrs. Churchill, Mary Musgrove, and other Austen characters are hypochondriacs. What did doctors believe about their malady and its treatment?